Last updated on: January 4, 2024 at 4:41 pm

GA4 URL Builder & UTM Parameters Guide + Free Google Sheet Campaign Builder

URL Builder

Accurately measuring the performance of campaigns is pivotal. This often entails exploring tracking codes and analytics platforms. Among the available tools, UTM parameters stand out, especially when integrated with the robust analytics capabilities of Google Analytics 4 (GA4).

Whether you are transitioning from Universal Analytics (UA) or diving straight into GA4, understanding the nuances of UTM tracking codes and effectively employing GA4’s URL Builder can significantly optimize campaign tracking and analysis.

This article sheds light on the UTM parameters in GA4, illustrating how to leverage the URL Builder to refine your clients’ campaign tracking.

What are UTM Parameters?

A UTM (Urchin Tracking Module) parameter is a simple code that, when appended to a URL, becomes a powerful tool in the hands of marketers.

Every time a user clicks on a URL adorned with UTM parameters, these tags capture and send vital data back to your Google Analytics account. This data is pivotal for understanding where your traffic is coming from and how different campaigns are performing.

UTM Parameter Examples

Let’s dive into practical examples, crafted using the GA4 URL Builder, to illustrate how UTM parameters can be structured for different campaign tracking needs:

  1. Promoting a Blog Post on Facebook:
    • URL:
    • URL with UTM Parameters:
  2. Email Campaign for a Winter Sale:
    • URL:
    • URL with UTM Parameters:
  3. Paid Ad Campaign on Google:
    • URL:
    • URL with UTM Parameters:

These examples elucidate how UTM parameters can be tailored for diverse platforms, mediums, and campaigns, providing a clear tracking structure for analyzing performance in Google Analytics 4.

Why Use URL Builder For GA4?

The Google Analytics 4 Campaign URL Builder is a boon for those seeking a streamlined way to append UTM parameters to their campaigns. This tool alleviates the manual labor of creating UTM parameters from scratch.

All that’s required is to fill out a simple form with the necessary details, and voila, your custom tracking URL is ready for action!

Consider a scenario where you’re launching a new product line and want to track the performance of different marketing channels. Using the URL Builder, you can effortlessly craft distinct URLs for each channel, be it social media, email marketing, or paid search.

This way, you can ascertain which channel is driving the most traffic and conversions, helping in better allocation of your marketing budget.

Should the URL seem lengthy, fear not, as shortening it using Bitly or a similar tool is a breeze.

Drawbacks of Google’s Campaign URL Builder

While the Campaign URL Builder is a commendable tool for small to medium-sized campaigns, it may show cracks when faced with larger, more complex campaign structures.

For instance, the manual data entry required for each URL and parameter can be a tiresome affair for marketing agencies juggling numerous campaigns. It’s here that the lack of a template or batch processing feature becomes evident, making the URL Builder less appealing for more extensive operations.

Moreover, the URL Builder is confined to the standard five UTM parameters along with an additional ‘Campaign ID’ parameter. This limitation becomes a bottleneck when trying to leverage the enriched data dimensions of GA4, which introduces new parameters like Source Platform, Creative Format, and Marketing Tactic.

a Campaign URL Builder Template in Google Sheets (Free Download) 🚀

For the marketing mavericks dealing with a deluge of campaigns, engineering a Campaign URL Builder template in Google Sheets could be a game-changer. This approach not only saves time but ensures consistency across campaigns, which is crucial for accurate analysis.

Imagine managing campaigns for a slew of clients, each with distinct tracking needs. Having a standardized Google Sheets template enables the creation of UTM parameters en masse, ensuring no campaign goes untracked.

Creating a campaign URL builder in Google Sheets can streamline the process of generating UTM-tagged URLs for your campaigns. Below is a simplified example of how you could structure such a sheet:

Here’s a breakdown of the columns:

  • URL: The base URL of the page you are promoting.
  • Source: The origin of your traffic such as a search engine or social network.
  • Medium: The general category of the source, like organic, cpc (cost per click), referral, etc.
  • Campaign Name: The name of your marketing campaign.
  • Keyword / Term: The keyword or term for paid search campaigns.
  • Content: Used to differentiate ads or links within the same ad.
  • Campaign ID: A unique ID for the campaign.
  • Generated URL: The full URL including the UTM parameters. This can be created using a formula that concatenates the values from the other columns with the necessary UTM syntax.

In Google Sheets, you could use the CONCATENATE function or the “&” operator to combine the values from columns A through G to generate the UTM-tagged URL in column H. For example, the formula for the first generated URL might look like this:

= A2 & "?utm_source=" & B2 & "&utm_medium=" & C2 & "&utm_campaign=" & D2 & "&utm_term=" & E2 & "&utm_content=" & F2 & "&utm_id=" & G2

This formula constructs the UTM-tagged URL by appending the UTM parameters and their corresponding values from the other columns to the base URL.

UTM Tracking Best Practices

Handling UTM tracking with finesse is pivotal. Here are some best practices to ensure your UTM tracking is on point:

  1. Consistent Naming Conventions: Employing a consistent naming convention across your UTM parameters is crucial for clean, understandable data. For instance, always using ‘facebook’ instead of sometimes using ‘fb’ will keep your data tidy.
  2. Simplicity: While it’s tempting to track every possible detail, keeping your UTM tags simple and to the point is advisable. Over-complicating can lead to messy data and analysis paralysis.
  3. URL Shorteners: Employing a URL shortener can keep your links neat and user-friendly, especially when sharing on platforms with character limitations like Twitter.
  4. Explicitness in Parameter Filling: The names chosen for campaigns, sources, and mediums should be clear and self-explanatory. Avoid using vague or ambiguous terms that could cause confusion later on.
  5. Testing is Paramount: Before going live, test your UTM parameters to ensure they’re functioning as intended. This preemptive measure can save a lot of troubleshooting later on.
  6. Maintain a Centralized Record: Keeping an organized record of all UTM parameters used across campaigns fosters consistency and serves as a reference for team members.
  7. Avoid Duplication: Duplicate UTM parameters can muddle your data. Ensure each parameter is unique to avoid any misinterpretation of data.
  8. Filter Out Internal Traffic: Exclude internal traffic to keep your data pristine and reflective of actual user behavior.
  9. Offline Campaign Tracking: Extend your UTM tracking to offline campaigns by creating custom parameters for offline sources and mediums.
  10. Regular Review and Analysis: A routine review of your UTM tracking data can yield insights that help optimize campaign performance.

Difference between Universal Analytics and GA4 UTM Tracking

The leap from Universal Analytics to GA4 comes with a fresh approach to UTM tracking. Unlike its predecessor, GA4 encourages automatic event tracking, reducing the reliance on manual tagging. Moreover, it introduces a suite of new parameters, broadening the scope of data that can be captured and analyzed.

In Universal Analytics, the UTM parameters were quite straightforward. However, GA4 introduces additional parameters like:

  • Dynamic Parameters: These allow for more advanced tracking by adapting to different situations.
  • Event Parameters: They help in understanding user interactions with the content.
  • User Properties: These are attributes associated with users, providing a deeper understanding of the audience.

The new parameters in GA4, such as Source Platform, Creative Format, and Marketing Tactic, offer a more nuanced view of campaign performance. However, meshing these new parameters with existing UTM structures requires a bit of finesse.

The Verdict: UTM Tracking and Reporting in GA4

The arrival of GA4 has indeed upped the ante in the realm of UTM tracking. The integration of additional parameters provides a more granular view of campaign performance, aiding marketers in crafting data-driven strategies.

Employing tools like the URL Builder simplifies the task of creating and managing UTM parameters. However, for complex campaigns, creating a customized Campaign URL Builder in Google Sheets could be a more viable option.

The essence of UTM tracking lies in its ability to provide actionable insights into campaign performance. Whether it’s identifying the most effective marketing channels or understanding user behavior, UTM parameters are indispensable. And with GA4, the scope and depth of insights have undoubtedly expanded.

GA4 UTM Tracking FAQs

A common set of queries often arises when transitioning to UTM tracking in GA4. Here, we address some of these to smooth your journey into advanced UTM tracking with GA4.

Where Do I Find My Campaign Tracking in Google Analytics 4?

Once within GA4, navigate to the “Reports” icon, select “Acquisition,” and then “Traffic acquisition.” Here, you can customize the grouping of your website traffic report by selecting options like “Session source/medium” or “Session source platform.”

How Do I Match My UTM Parameters with GA4 Dimensions?

Matching UTM parameters with GA4 dimensions requires a bit of a paradigm shift as the terminology and structure have evolved. For instance, where ‘Source’ was used in Universal Analytics, GA4 employs ‘Session source’ or ‘First user source.’ Understanding these correlations is crucial for accurate data mapping and analysis.

Should I Test My UTM Parameters?

Absolutely! Testing your UTM parameters ensures they are functioning as intended, safeguarding against potential data loss or inaccuracies.

Should I Use All Five Parameters?

While not mandatory, using all five parameters provides a more comprehensive view of your traffic data. However, ensure they are relevant to your campaign to avoid unnecessary complications.


jay kang

An entrepreneur and SEO expert, is the driving force behind innovative platforms like, and more. Committed to empowering marketers, Jay continues to make a positive impact in the digital marketing space.

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